The Human Compound

by Bianka Szinten from University of Pécs, Faculty of Engineering and IT, Institute of Architecture, Hungary
Tutored by: Donat Retfalvi Dr.

Author comments:

A gradually increasing crowd of people are concentrated into the cities of Hungary, and they are struggling to find a job and make a living. “The Human Compound”, located in the downtown of Pécs, is a solution to this problem. The basic requirements of its existence: - the preservation of the private sector regarding the residents; providing job opportunities for them; - unlimited housing for rent; - establishing a self-sustaining system. Due to the structure of monuments at the site, the buildings had to be preserved. The housing and workplace have divided the area into two parts, private and public, which are visually separable due to the slope of the terrain. Because of the buzzing life in the streets, the entrance of the Compound opens the public space as a symbolic exclamation mark, thus displaying the interior environment. The courtyard plays a role in connecting and strengthening functions. In order to express the separation between the already-existing conditions and the built parts, the buildings were connected with a flat roof structure. The visual separation was important, since the existing structure could be preserved and not overwritten. The perimetric development method, which defines the area, was formed by buildings with high roof. These spaces define the green surfaces by separating the private and public parts from each other. The main purpose of the Compound is to socially strengthen people with difficulties by a cooperative residential community.

Tutor comments:

A complex research, the examination of humanitarian architecture in terms of Hungary, resulted in the analysis of the group of homeless people. This layer tends to include some individuals who are balancing between being a person without home and having a better quality of living. They are mentally strong and with a set of objectives objectives, but cannot progress without support. A model has been designed to offer work and housing in a community for people with difficult life, in order to provide better conditions than a homeless shelter would be able to offer. In order to operate the model properly, it has to be independent from the establishments of the state, and it also has to be self-sustaining by means of increasing the income. The main objective is to strengthen the social position of the residents and forge them into a community, together with creating normal living conditions. The model serves as a decent base, and it can be transformed and adjusted to the local needs, so that it is able to work in any European city. The connection with sustainable architecture and its location in the inner urban fabric were factors to take the already-existing buildings into account when choosing the location. Preserving the buildings in good shape was inevitable, moreover, the environment has to be altered regarding them. A similar project is working in Vienna called VinziRast-mittendrin, where homeless people and students are living in a residential community.

zoom in zoom out fit height fit width close panel