Contemporary multi-family housing in context of improving the quality

by Ana Stanojević from Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Niš, Serbia
Tutored by: Prof. Goran Jovanović

Author comments:

The process of urbanization has caused the development of multi-family housing as a primary in contemporary society. Unlike one-family housing and high degree of its individuality, the most common types of multi-family housing are related to access to housing units over the internal corridor and open spaces in the form of a terraces, with threatened privacy and comfort of residents. The graduation thesis therefore resulted from tendecy to explore these issues and to find the appropriate solution by establishing the new type of housing by which the quality of life in multi-family buildings will be improved.
The location is situated in the peripheral part of the city of Nish, towards which the function of housing in recent years is focused. The urban form is designed as a continuous graded structure which creates the inner courtyard and distinct spatial dynamic. Privacy of various housing units, of which there are 100, was achieved by combining external access corridors, cascades, and the use of pergolas, brise-soleils and protective glass. Dynamic forms of the glass as well as the blocks of vertical communications are opposed to extreme cubisity and horizontality of the composition, whereby the architectural expression of outer envelope is clearly visual separated from the interior design.
The proposed solution shows how the combination of benefits of one-family and multi-family housing can create unified common concept that meets the needs of contemporary man and society.

Tutor comments:

Due to continuous tendency that the quality of life in residential buildings should be increased, the design in terms of housing today represents a real challenge and it is inexhaustible in finding innovative ideas. Through her graduation thesis, colleague has explored the concept of humanization of multi-family residential space, trying to coordinate the individuality of each of housing units in the complex form of housing block and simultaneously accelerate social proximity of residents by interaction within internal courtyard.
Moving from the urban structure to the housing unit and vice versa, exploring the relationship between space within an apartment, and between the apartment and wider architectural structure, a dynamic and unique form was created, with a strong concept of continuity which is reflected in the horizontal plan. Compactness viewed in closed form of the composition and contrast achieved by interweaving space-sociological levels, full and empty, colors, materials and lines, clearly separate the complex from environment but also by visual breakthroughs brings with him.
Colleague has successfully interpreted the solution in the context of contemporary design, clearly emphasizing the outer shell of the complex and contradicting the interior of the block. Although treated in the same way, the interior facades change according to customer needs, creating a continuous game of open and closed, and drawing attention to the importance of individuality in multi- family housing.

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