Public spaces – face of the new city district

by Erik Blaho from Faculty of Architecture, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia
Tutored by: Doc. Ing. Arch. Ľubica Vitková, Phd.

Author comments:

The aim was to propose a comprehensive self-sufficient city district - city within a city which can operate independently to avoid burdening the city but at the same time to be part of the city and complement it in all that it lacks.

The territory consists of several smaller parts with peculiar urban and architectural design, so that people can better orient and identify themselves with their neighborhoods. It also motivates them to visit other parts due to their diversity.
Functional diversity - a mix of functions, ensures that the site lives 24/7.
The area is designed for citizens to have everything they need within reach on foot or by bicycle to ensure their interest to move. Distant targets are reachable through ecological public transport with a focus on rail transport.
Buildings should be flexible to be able to adapt to societal changes. Public spaces have to be capable of changing shape and purpose.
Public spaces must be attractive enough so that people are interested in visiting them even in today's computer age. In this way we can prevent alienation of people in the cities.
The proposal provides the possibility to grow crops thus ensuring partial food self-sufficiency and encourages meeting of different generations.
Buildings and public spaces should be as energy self-sufficient as possible and energy surplus should help the city.

I did not want to create an utopia but something that could actually work and bring life to a site while maintaining continuity and genius loci.

Tutor comments:

The work responds to current trends of city making and its structures based on the principle of sustainability. It supports the principle of "neighborhoods creation" - individual units serving as constituent element of the city preferring a functionally mixed urban structure, movement on foot and public transport. An important part of the proposal is to simultaneously support the creation of diversified spaces and urban structures designed to ensure good orientation in the area, as well as identification of citizens with the place in which they live. Proposal consistently uses advantages of the area, mass-spatial structure, its natural advantages and also builds on its history. It extends promenade around the winter harbor and the Danube itself, while linking them closely with the surrounding areas and backgrounds through the pedestrian moves supported by green lines. He works with the hierarchical and typological and functionally differentiated system of public spaces that creates base for future buildings and is a prerequisite for creating full-featured, high-quality living environment.

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