The graduation thesis touches on issues such as rethinking of the roles of markets in the urban structure as the new type of social area, supporting urban traditions and being the exchanging medium between communities not only economically, but also socially. The actuality of the research is determined by the pursuit of new forms of market and functional programming corresponding to the requests of a modern consumer. Among the essential conclusions of the research the following can be singled out:
• an availability radius of the markets and the connection with traffic framework have been the key factors over the whole period of history;
• for the prosperity of the market its functional saturation is needed;
• the absence of fundamental legitimate markets provokes the appearance of bootleg trade. Regardless of prohibitions, the marketing has always existed and will exist. The question is in its quality and shape.
As a consequence of the analysis of 6 global cities, where the amount, the functional content and the specific characteristics of each market in terms of city-planning context were revealed, the organic and indissoluble link between the market and urban structure becomes obvious, which, therefore, boosts its significance.
On the basis of the research a system of location of the markets in Samara City was suggested as well as the market, situated in the historical city center, was designed. The market concept requires the consolidation of marketing with cultural functions, educational grounds and apartments. The market in this project -is a vivid, interactive space.
Nowadays the issue of providing cities with the indispensable provisions is particularly burning. Domestic produce has been substituted for the imported one by 80%. Consequently, the cities being involved in Global Trade Network are losing their authentic identity. In these conditions the given graduation thesis gains a specific topicality. Besides, both search and creation of Centres for Social Interaction has currently led to the vigorous mechanical construction of sacral buildings in Russia. Due to its religious separation, these buildings are not capable of supplying the whole population with integration. Other social centres belong to the global networks of the world economy preventing the local business and culture from development. The authoress of the graduation thesis, Alina Georgievskaya, thoroughly analyzes the historical and up-to-date foreign experience alike. The latter has shown that public participation and regulation allow markets to shift from the localities of chaos and spontaneous exchange to real places of social interaction which, in their part, unite all the multinational population and the whole spectrum of social and professional distinctions. As a result of the research, the author suggests creating a steady network system of local centres. Being on the level with other social areas and objects, it is able to meet the requirements in life-resistance and progress of the very urban structure as well as the urban environment.