Awaking Lasnamäe district by architectural and structural refurbishment

by Anastassija Malkova from Faculty of Architecture and Environmental Engineering, TTK University of Applied Sciences, Tallinn, Estonia
Tutored by: Tomomi Hayashi, Elo Kiivet

Author comments:

Lasnamäe is crucial region for Tallinn to develop because it has become least desirable housing area for most Estonians. The future of the Lasnamäe’s existing districts is questionable due to the misinformation of residents and authorities that is leading to opinion that existing districts should be demolished. Demolition is not an option because the region is too big to build it up differently and Lasnamäe does not have signs of socio-economic downgrading that could trigger districts’ degradation.
Lasnamäe’s original general plan was promising, but building it up was crucial point for forming the district. Unfinished execution, the use of standard project for all buildings and Soviet Union’s housing policy are the original reasons for todays’ problems. The modernization plan of Lasnamäe should deal with architectural and structural problems at the same time because solving one side of the problem will not lead Lasnamäe to successful path. The micro-districts should be divided by smaller territories that include one courtyard’s buildings. On the other hand, the building associations should be connected in one courtyards’ area to provide every small cluster of buildings their own identity.
Thesis could be used as a starting point for architects, constructing architects and engineers to understand more about Lasnamäe historical background, its relevance to nowadays situation and possible package of solutions.

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